HyperLedger Fabric1.4.4 的部署以及测试

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HyperLedger Fabric 的部署以及测试

一、部署

1、软硬件准备(Mine)

* a、centos 7.x
* b、jdk 1.8
* c、go 1.12.13
* d、node-v12.13.1
* e、python 3.6 (这里我用了anaconda)
* f、docker 18.03.1-ce
* g、docker-compose  1.25.0
* f、git
//conda 国内镜像
conda config --add channels https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/free/
conda config --set show_channel_urls yes
// 安装yum管理工具
yum install -y yum-utils
// 添加镜像源
sudo yum-config-manager --add-repo https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
// 查看docker版本
yum list docker-ce --showduplicates|sort -r
//如果上个命令没有查询出来,先执行下面的
curl -o /etc/yum.repos.d/Docker-ce-Ali.repo https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
// 安装
yum install docker-ce-18.03.1.ce-1.el7.centos
//设置docker 的国内镜像
# vi /etc/docker/daemon.json
{
    "registry-mirrors": ["http://hub-mirror.c.163.com"]
}
systemctl restart docker.service
//pip设置源
mkdir ~/.pip
vim pip.conf
cd ~/.pip
vim pip.conf
[global]
index-url=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/pypi/simple/
[install]
trusted-host=mirrors.aliyun.com
//安装 docker-compose
pip install docker-compose

2、部署

//下载项目文件
git clone https://github.com/hyperledger/fabric.git
//进入scripts目录
cd fabric/scripts
//执行 bootstrap.sh 下载相关镜像,比较慢
bash bootstrap.sh

3、生成网络

// 如果 first-network目录
cd fabric/scripts/fabric-samples/first-network/
// 生成创世区块
./byfn.sh -m generate -C channel_name_xxxx
//启动网络
./byfn.sh -m up -C channel_name_xxxx

二、开发链码进行部署测试

参考 https://blog.csdn.net/TripleS_X/article/details/80550401

1、链码脚本

// chaincode_student.go
// ====CHAINCODE EXECUTION SAMPLES (CLI) ==================

// ==== 安装、实例化 ====
// peer chaincode install -p chaincodedev/chaincode/Student -n mycc -v 0
// peer chaincode instantiate -n mycc -v 0 -c '{"Args":[]}' -C myc

// ==== 调用链码 ====
// peer chaincode invoke -n mycc -c '{"Args":["initSchool", "schoolId_A", "学校A"]}' -C myc
// peer chaincode invoke -n mycc -c '{"Args":["initSchool", "schoolId_B", "学校B"]}' -C myc

// peer chaincode invoke -n mycc -c '{"Args":["addStudent", "张三", "1", "schoolId_A", "classA"]}' -C myc
// peer chaincode invoke -n mycc -c '{"Args":["addStudent", "李四", "2", "schoolId_A", "classA"]}' -C myc
// peer chaincode invoke -n mycc -c '{"Args":["addStudent", "老王", "3", "schoolId_B", "classC"]}' -C myc

// peer chaincode invoke -n mycc -c '{"Args":["updateStudent", "隔壁老王", "3", "schoolId_B", "classC"]}' -C myc

// peer chaincode invoke -n mycc -c '{"Args":["queryStudentByID", "1"]}' -C myc
package main

import (
	"encoding/json"
	"errors"
	"fmt"
	"github.com/hyperledger/fabric/core/chaincode/shim"
	pd "github.com/hyperledger/fabric/protos/peer"
	"strconv"
)

type StudentChaincode struct {
}
type Student struct {
	UserId   int    `json:"user_id"`   //学生id
	Name     string `json:"name"`      //姓名
	SchoolId string `json:"school_id"` //学校id
	Class    string `jsong:"class"`    //班级名称
}
type School struct {
	SchoolId string `json:"id"`   //学校id
	School   string `json:"name"` //学校名称
}

// ********** chaincode begin ********** //
func (t *StudentChaincode) Init(stub shim.ChaincodeStubInterface) pd.Response {
	return shim.Success(nil)
}
func (t *StudentChaincode) Invoke(stub shim.ChaincodeStubInterface) pd.Response {

	fn, args := stub.GetFunctionAndParameters()
	fmt.Println("invoke is running " + fn)

	if fn == "initSchool" {
		return t.initSchool(stub, args)
	} else if fn == "addStudent" {
		return t.addStudent(stub, args)
	} else if fn == "queryStudentByID" {
		return t.queryStudentByID(stub, args)
	} else if fn == "deleteSchool" {
		return t.deleteSchool(stub, args)
	} else if fn == "updateStudent" {
		return t.updateStudent(stub, args)
	}

	fmt.Println("invoke did not find func: " + fn)
	return shim.Error("Received unknown function invocation")
}

//初始化学校,学生隶属于学校
func (t *StudentChaincode) initSchool(stub shim.ChaincodeStubInterface, args []string) pd.Response {
	if len(args) != 2 {
		return shim.Error("Incorrect number of arguments. Expecting 2(school_id, school_name)")
	}

	schoolId := args[0]
	schoolName := args[1]
	school := &School{schoolId, schoolName}

	//这里利用联合主键,使得查询school时,可以通过主键的“school”前缀找到所有school
	schoolKey, err := stub.CreateCompositeKey("School", []string{"school", schoolId})
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error(err.Error())
	}

	//结构体转json字符串
	schoolJSONasBytes, err := json.Marshal(school)
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error(err.Error())
	}
	//保存
	err = stub.PutState(schoolKey, schoolJSONasBytes)
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error(err.Error())
	}
	return shim.Success(schoolJSONasBytes)
}

//删除学校,包括删除所有对应学生信息
func (t *StudentChaincode) deleteSchool(stub shim.ChaincodeStubInterface, args []string) pd.Response {
	if len(args) < 1 {
		return shim.Error("Incorrect number of arguments. Expecting 1(schoolid)")
	}
	schoolidAsString := args[0]

	schoolKey, err := stub.CreateCompositeKey("School", []string{"school", schoolidAsString})
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error(err.Error())
	}

	schoolAsBytes, err := stub.GetState(schoolKey)
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error("Failed to get school:" + err.Error())
	} else if schoolAsBytes == nil {
		return shim.Error("School does not exist")
	}
	//删除学校
	err = stub.DelState(schoolKey)
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error("Failed to delete school:" + schoolidAsString + err.Error())
	}
	//删除学校下的所有学生
	queryString := fmt.Sprintf("{\"selector\":{\"school_id\":\"%s\"}}", schoolidAsString)
	resultsIterator, err := stub.GetQueryResult(queryString) //富查询,必须是CouchDB才行
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error("Rich query failed")
	}
	defer resultsIterator.Close()
	for i := 0; resultsIterator.HasNext(); i++ {
		responseRange, err := resultsIterator.Next()
		if err != nil {
			return shim.Error(err.Error())
		}
		err = stub.DelState(responseRange.Key)
		if err != nil {
			return shim.Error("Failed to delete student:" + responseRange.Key + err.Error())
		}
	}
	return shim.Success(nil)
}

//添加学生,需要检查所属学校是否已经初始化
func (t *StudentChaincode) addStudent(stub shim.ChaincodeStubInterface, args []string) pd.Response {
	st, err := studentByArgs(args)
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error(err.Error())
	}

	useridAsString := strconv.Itoa(st.UserId)

	//检查学校是否存在,不存在则添加失败
	schools := querySchoolIds(stub)
	if len(schools) > 0 {
		for _, schoolId := range schools {
			if schoolId == st.SchoolId {
				goto SchoolExists
			}
		}
		fmt.Println("school " + st.SchoolId + " does not exist")
		return shim.Error("school " + st.SchoolId + " does not exist")
	} else {
		fmt.Println("school " + st.SchoolId + " does not exist")
		return shim.Error("school " + st.SchoolId + " does not exist")
	}

SchoolExists:
	//检查学生是否存在
	studentAsBytes, err := stub.GetState(useridAsString)
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error(err.Error())
	} else if studentAsBytes != nil {
		fmt.Println("This student already exists: " + useridAsString)
		return shim.Error("This student already exists: " + useridAsString)
	}

	//结构体转json字符串
	studentJSONasBytes, err := json.Marshal(st)
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error(err.Error())
	}
	//保存
	err = stub.PutState(useridAsString, studentJSONasBytes)
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error(err.Error())
	}

	return shim.Success(studentJSONasBytes)
}

//删除学生
func (t *StudentChaincode) deleteStudent(stub shim.ChaincodeStubInterface, args []string) pd.Response {
	if len(args) < 1 {
		return shim.Error("Incorrect number of arguments. Expecting 1(userid)")
	}
	useridAsString := args[0]
	studentAsBytes, err := stub.GetState(useridAsString)
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error("Failed to get student:" + err.Error())
	} else if studentAsBytes == nil {
		return shim.Error("Student does not exist")
	}

	err = stub.DelState(useridAsString)
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error("Failed to delete student:" + useridAsString + err.Error())
	}
	return shim.Success(nil)
}

//更新学生信息。如果学生不存在,则执行新增学生逻辑
func (t *StudentChaincode) updateStudent(stub shim.ChaincodeStubInterface, args []string) pd.Response {
	st, err := studentByArgs(args)
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error(err.Error())
	}
	useridAsString := strconv.Itoa(st.UserId)

	//检查学校是否存在,不存在则添加失败
	schools := querySchoolIds(stub)
	if len(schools) > 0 {
		for _, schoolId := range schools {
			if schoolId == st.SchoolId {
				goto SchoolExists
			}
		}
		fmt.Println("school " + st.SchoolId + " does not exist")
		return shim.Error("school " + st.SchoolId + " does not exist")
	} else {
		fmt.Println("school " + st.SchoolId + " does not exist")
		return shim.Error("school " + st.SchoolId + " does not exist")
	}

SchoolExists:
	//因为State DB是一个Key Value数据库,如果我们指定的Key在数据库中已经存在,那么就是修改操作,如果Key不存在,那么就是插入操作。
	studentJSONasBytes, err := json.Marshal(st)
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error(err.Error())
	}
	//保存
	err = stub.PutState(useridAsString, studentJSONasBytes)
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error(err.Error())
	}

	return shim.Success(studentJSONasBytes)
}

//根据学生ID查看学生信息
func (t *StudentChaincode) queryStudentByID(stub shim.ChaincodeStubInterface, args []string) pd.Response {
	if len(args) < 1 {
		return shim.Error("Incorrect number of arguments. Expecting 1(userid)")
	}
	useridAsString := args[0]
	studentAsBytes, err := stub.GetState(useridAsString)
	if err != nil {
		return shim.Error("Failed to get student:" + err.Error())
	} else if studentAsBytes == nil {
		return shim.Error("Student does not exist")
	}

	// 解析json字符串到结构体
	// st := Student{}
	// err = json.Unmarshal(studentAsBytes, &st)
	// if err != nil {
	// 	return shim.Error(err.Error())
	// }
	fmt.Printf("Query Response:%s\n", string(studentAsBytes))
	return shim.Success(studentAsBytes)
}

// ********** chaincode end ********** //

// ********** tool fun begin ********** //
//将参数构造成学生结构体
func studentByArgs(args []string) (*Student, error) {
	if len(args) != 4 {
		return nil, errors.New("Incorrect number of arguments. Expecting 4(name, userid, schoolid, classid)")
	}

	name := args[0]
	userId, err := strconv.Atoi(args[1]) //字符串转换int
	if err != nil {
		return nil, errors.New("2rd argument must be a numeric string")
	}
	schoolId := args[2]
	class := args[3]
	st := &Student{userId, name, schoolId, class}

	return st, nil
}

//获取所有创建的学校id
func querySchoolIds(stub shim.ChaincodeStubInterface) []string {
	resultsIterator, err := stub.GetStateByPartialCompositeKey("School", []string{"school"})
	if err != nil {
		return nil
	}
	defer resultsIterator.Close()

	scIds := make([]string, 0)
	for i := 0; resultsIterator.HasNext(); i++ {
		responseRange, err := resultsIterator.Next()
		if err != nil {
			return nil
		}
		_, compositeKeyParts, err := stub.SplitCompositeKey(responseRange.Key)
		if err != nil {
			return nil
		}
		returnedSchoolId := compositeKeyParts[1]
		scIds = append(scIds, returnedSchoolId)
	}
	return scIds
}

// ********** tool fun end ********** //

// ********** main ********** //
func main() {
	if err := shim.Start(new(StudentChaincode)); err != nil {
		fmt.Printf("Error starting student chaincode: %s", err)
	}
}

2、开发环境测试链码

将上述的脚本拷贝到  fabric-samples/chaincode 目录
//进入链码开发环境目录
cd fabric-samples/chaincode-docker-devmode

开启 3 个终端

//终端 1 – 启动网络
docker-compose -f docker-compose-simple.yaml up
//终端 2 – 编译和部署链码
docker exec -it chaincode bash 
cd Student
go build
CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=peer:7052 CORE_CHAINCODE_ID_NAME=mycc:0 ./Student
//终端3 – 使用链码 
docker exec -it cli bash
$ cd ../
//安装链码
$ peer chaincode install -p chaincodedev/chaincode/Student -n mycc -v 0
//初始化
$ peer chaincode instantiate -n mycc -v 0 -c '{"Args":[]}' -C myc
//调用链码
peer chaincode invoke -n mycc -c '{"Args":["initSchool", "schoolId_A", "学校A"]}' -C myc
peer chaincode invoke -n mycc -c '{"Args":["addStudent", "张三", "1", "schoolId_A", "classA"]}' -C myc
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