redis 镜像使用的正确姿势

本贴最后更新于 386 天前,其中的信息可能已经水流花落

1.下载 Redis 镜像

docker pull redis:latest

2.单机模式启动 Redis

docker run --name redis --log-driver  local -p 6380:6379 -d -v /usr/local/docker/redis:/data --restart=always redis:latest redis-server --appendonly yes --requirepass "123456"

3.集群模式启动 Redis

# docker run --name redis7000 -p 7000:6379 -d redis redis-server --requirepass "123456" --appendonly yes --protected-mode no --cluster-enabled yes

说明:

redis的密码为123456

Redis持久化功能已启动

保护模式已经关闭

集群模式已开启

我在这里开启6台redis镜像;开启6台redis镜像把宿主机端口和镜像名称改成自己想要的端口和镜像名称

4.查看 6 个 Redis 容器的 IP

docker inspect redis7000 | grep IPAddress

[root@liyu123456QWE local]# docker inspect redis7000 | grep IPAddress
            "SecondaryIPAddresses": null,
            "IPAddress": "172.17.0.5",
                    "IPAddress": "172.17.0.5",
[root@liyu123456QWE local]# docker inspect redis7001 | grep IPAddress
            "SecondaryIPAddresses": null,
            "IPAddress": "172.17.0.6",
                    "IPAddress": "172.17.0.6",
[root@liyu123456QWE local]# docker inspect redis7002 | grep IPAddress
            "SecondaryIPAddresses": null,
            "IPAddress": "172.17.0.7",
                    "IPAddress": "172.17.0.7",
[root@liyu123456QWE local]# docker inspect redis7003 | grep IPAddress
            "SecondaryIPAddresses": null,
            "IPAddress": "172.17.0.8",
                    "IPAddress": "172.17.0.8",
[root@liyu123456QWE local]# docker inspect redis7004 | grep IPAddress
            "SecondaryIPAddresses": null,
            "IPAddress": "172.17.0.9",
                    "IPAddress": "172.17.0.9",
[root@liyu123456QWE local]# docker inspect redis7005 | grep IPAddress
            "SecondaryIPAddresses": null,
            "IPAddress": "172.17.0.10",
                    "IPAddress": "172.17.0.10",

5.进入容器查看同一个 Redis 镜像,能否联通其他 Redis 镜像

[root@liyu123456QWE local]# docker exec -it redis7000 bash
root@d1430835a5fc:/data# redis-cli
127.0.0.1:6379> exit
root@d1430835a5fc:/data# redis-cli -h 172.17.0.5 -p 6379
172.17.0.5:6379> exit
root@d1430835a5fc:/data# redis-cli -h 172.17.0.6 -p 6379
172.17.0.6:6379> exit
root@d1430835a5fc:/data# redis-cli -h 172.17.0.7 -p 6379
172.17.0.7:6379> exit
root@d1430835a5fc:/data# redis-cli -h 172.17.0.8 -p 6379
172.17.0.8:6379> exit
root@d1430835a5fc:/data# redis-cli -h 172.17.0.9 -p 6379
172.17.0.9:6379> exit
root@d1430835a5fc:/data# redis-cli -h 172.17.0.10 -p 6379
172.17.0.10:6379> exit

6.最后使用命令,把 6 台 Redis 镜像集群起来

 redis-cli -a 123456 --cluster create 172.17.0.5:6379 172.17.0.6:6379 172.17.0.7:6379 172.17.0.8:6379 172.17.0.9:6379 172.17.0.10:6379 --cluster-replicas 1

7.集群成功预览

root@d1430835a5fc:/data# redis-cli -a 123456 --cluster create 172.17.0.5:6379 172.17.0.6:6379 172.17.0.7:6379 172.17.0.8:6379 172.17.0.9:6379 172.17.0.10:6379 --cluster-replicas 1
Warning: Using a password with '-a' or '-u' option on the command line interface may not be safe.
>>> Performing hash slots allocation on 6 nodes...
Master[0] -> Slots 0 - 5460
Master[1] -> Slots 5461 - 10922
Master[2] -> Slots 10923 - 16383
Adding replica 172.17.0.9:6379 to 172.17.0.5:6379
Adding replica 172.17.0.10:6379 to 172.17.0.6:6379
Adding replica 172.17.0.8:6379 to 172.17.0.7:6379
M: ee6292668c1c08ddec10a461b0fd098b9ca55c13 172.17.0.5:6379
   slots:[0-5460] (5461 slots) master
M: 33f8ff6b233562141b2ddd038c3e126316fc57fc 172.17.0.6:6379
   slots:[5461-10922] (5462 slots) master
M: a30a6480433c7501f332333b8cbcafd7066d8fde 172.17.0.7:6379
   slots:[10923-16383] (5461 slots) master
S: 02bf188a3e744f8a4efc009d9aee7215bd7d9c39 172.17.0.8:6379
   replicates a30a6480433c7501f332333b8cbcafd7066d8fde
S: 1d12e3367d1422eb6fdaeabd82cc4dfde5c5823d 172.17.0.9:6379
   replicates ee6292668c1c08ddec10a461b0fd098b9ca55c13
S: 5e919ab4c598f5926cdf480ab69a8e6f3a7e5d3d 172.17.0.10:6379
   replicates 33f8ff6b233562141b2ddd038c3e126316fc57fc
Can I set the above configuration? (type 'yes' to accept): yes
>>> Nodes configuration updated
>>> Assign a different config epoch to each node
>>> Sending CLUSTER MEET messages to join the cluster
Waiting for the cluster to join
......
>>> Performing Cluster Check (using node 172.17.0.5:6379)
M: ee6292668c1c08ddec10a461b0fd098b9ca55c13 172.17.0.5:6379
   slots:[0-5460] (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
M: a30a6480433c7501f332333b8cbcafd7066d8fde 172.17.0.7:6379
   slots:[10923-16383] (5461 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 1d12e3367d1422eb6fdaeabd82cc4dfde5c5823d 172.17.0.9:6379
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates ee6292668c1c08ddec10a461b0fd098b9ca55c13
S: 5e919ab4c598f5926cdf480ab69a8e6f3a7e5d3d 172.17.0.10:6379
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates 33f8ff6b233562141b2ddd038c3e126316fc57fc
M: 33f8ff6b233562141b2ddd038c3e126316fc57fc 172.17.0.6:6379
   slots:[5461-10922] (5462 slots) master
   1 additional replica(s)
S: 02bf188a3e744f8a4efc009d9aee7215bd7d9c39 172.17.0.8:6379
   slots: (0 slots) slave
   replicates a30a6480433c7501f332333b8cbcafd7066d8fde
[OK] All nodes agree about slots configuration.
>>> Check for open slots...
>>> Check slots coverage...
[OK] All 16384 slots covered.
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