SpringAOP 多切面

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多切面执行时,采用了责任链设计模式。

切面的配置顺序决定了切面的执行顺序,多个切面执行的过程,类似于方法调用的过程,在环绕通知的 proceed()执行时,去执行下一个切面或如果没有下一个切面执行目标方法,从而达成了如下的执行过程:(目标方法只会执行一次)

执行的顺序和配置顺序等有关
目标方法执行前: 前置,环绕前(顺序可以变)
目标方法执行后: 最终,环绕后,最终(顺序可以变)

责任链设计模式:为解除请求的发送者和接收者之间的耦合,而使多个对象都有机会处理这个请求。将这些对象连成一条链,并沿着这条链传递该请求,直到有对象处理它

因为责任链设计模式 first 切面中调用 poceed 方法后,继续沿着责任链去调用 second 切面中的环绕前-----然后掉 poceed 方法 ----此时没有切面了---沿着责任链去调用 addUser()方法---调用结束 addUser(),在执行环绕 second 环绕后。。。。。

如果目标方法抛出异常

通知间的跳转顺序

多个切入点责任链模式如下图

Aspect1 和 Aspect2 两个切面类中所有通知类型的执行顺序,Method 是具体的切入点,order 代表优先级,它根据一个 int 值来判断优先级的高低,数字越小,优先级越高!所以,不同的切面,实际上是环绕于切入点的同心圆

jdk 代理的源码为(这里采用默认的 jdk 代理模式获取代理,cglib 原理类似):

/*
 * Copyright 2002-2018 the original author or authors.
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */
 
package org.springframework.aop.framework;
 
import java.io.Serializable;
import java.lang.reflect.InvocationHandler;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.lang.reflect.Proxy;
import java.util.List;
 
import org.aopalliance.intercept.MethodInvocation;
import org.apache.commons.logging.Log;
import org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory;
 
import org.springframework.aop.AopInvocationException;
import org.springframework.aop.RawTargetAccess;
import org.springframework.aop.TargetSource;
import org.springframework.aop.support.AopUtils;
import org.springframework.core.DecoratingProxy;
import org.springframework.lang.Nullable;
import org.springframework.util.Assert;
import org.springframework.util.ClassUtils;
 
/**
 * JDK-based {@link AopProxy} implementation for the Spring AOP framework,
 * based on JDK {@link java.lang.reflect.Proxy dynamic proxies}.
 *
 * <p>Creates a dynamic proxy, implementing the interfaces exposed by
 * the AopProxy. Dynamic proxies <i>cannot</i> be used to proxy methods
 * defined in classes, rather than interfaces.
 *
 * <p>Objects of this type should be obtained through proxy factories,
 * configured by an {@link AdvisedSupport} class. This class is internal
 * to Spring's AOP framework and need not be used directly by client code.
 *
 * <p>Proxies created using this class will be thread-safe if the
 * underlying (target) class is thread-safe.
 *
 * <p>Proxies are serializable so long as all Advisors (including Advices
 * and Pointcuts) and the TargetSource are serializable.
 *
 * @author Rod Johnson
 * @author Juergen Hoeller
 * @author Rob Harrop
 * @author Dave Syer
 * @see java.lang.reflect.Proxy
 * @see AdvisedSupport
 * @see ProxyFactory
 */
final class JdkDynamicAopProxy implements AopProxy, InvocationHandler, Serializable {
 
	/** use serialVersionUID from Spring 1.2 for interoperability. */
	private static final long serialVersionUID = 5531744639992436476L;
 
 
	/*
	 * NOTE: We could avoid the code duplication between this class and the CGLIB
	 * proxies by refactoring "invoke" into a template method. However, this approach
	 * adds at least 10% performance overhead versus a copy-paste solution, so we sacrifice
	 * elegance for performance. (We have a good test suite to ensure that the different
	 * proxies behave the same :-)
	 * This way, we can also more easily take advantage of minor optimizations in each class.
	 */
 
	/** We use a static Log to avoid serialization issues. */
	private static final Log logger = LogFactory.getLog(JdkDynamicAopProxy.class);
 
	/** Config used to configure this proxy. */
	private final AdvisedSupport advised;
 
	/**
	 * Is the {@link #equals} method defined on the proxied interfaces?
	 */
	private boolean equalsDefined;
 
	/**
	 * Is the {@link #hashCode} method defined on the proxied interfaces?
	 */
	private boolean hashCodeDefined;
 
 
	/**
	 * Construct a new JdkDynamicAopProxy for the given AOP configuration.
	 * @param config the AOP configuration as AdvisedSupport object
	 * @throws AopConfigException if the config is invalid. We try to throw an informative
	 * exception in this case, rather than let a mysterious failure happen later.
	 */
	public JdkDynamicAopProxy(AdvisedSupport config) throws AopConfigException {
		Assert.notNull(config, "AdvisedSupport must not be null");
		if (config.getAdvisors().length == 0 && config.getTargetSource() == AdvisedSupport.EMPTY_TARGET_SOURCE) {
			throw new AopConfigException("No advisors and no TargetSource specified");
		}
		this.advised = config;
	}
 
 
	@Override
	public Object getProxy() {
		return getProxy(ClassUtils.getDefaultClassLoader());
	}
 
	@Override
	public Object getProxy(@Nullable ClassLoader classLoader) {
		if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
			logger.trace("Creating JDK dynamic proxy: " + this.advised.getTargetSource());
		}
		Class<?>[] proxiedInterfaces = AopProxyUtils.completeProxiedInterfaces(this.advised, true);
		findDefinedEqualsAndHashCodeMethods(proxiedInterfaces);
		return Proxy.newProxyInstance(classLoader, proxiedInterfaces, this);
	}
 
	/**
	 * Finds any {@link #equals} or {@link #hashCode} method that may be defined
	 * on the supplied set of interfaces.
	 * @param proxiedInterfaces the interfaces to introspect
	 */
	private void findDefinedEqualsAndHashCodeMethods(Class<?>[] proxiedInterfaces) {
		for (Class<?> proxiedInterface : proxiedInterfaces) {
			Method[] methods = proxiedInterface.getDeclaredMethods();
			for (Method method : methods) {
				if (AopUtils.isEqualsMethod(method)) {
					this.equalsDefined = true;
				}
				if (AopUtils.isHashCodeMethod(method)) {
					this.hashCodeDefined = true;
				}
				if (this.equalsDefined && this.hashCodeDefined) {
					return;
				}
			}
		}
	}
 
 
	/**
	 * Implementation of {@code InvocationHandler.invoke}.
	 * <p>Callers will see exactly the exception thrown by the target,
	 * unless a hook method throws an exception.
	 */
	@Override
	@Nullable
	public Object invoke(Object proxy, Method method, Object[] args) throws Throwable {
		MethodInvocation invocation;
		Object oldProxy = null;
		boolean setProxyContext = false;
 
		TargetSource targetSource = this.advised.targetSource;
		Object target = null;
 
		try {
			if (!this.equalsDefined && AopUtils.isEqualsMethod(method)) {
				// The target does not implement the equals(Object) method itself.
				return equals(args[0]);
			}
			else if (!this.hashCodeDefined && AopUtils.isHashCodeMethod(method)) {
				// The target does not implement the hashCode() method itself.
				return hashCode();
			}
			else if (method.getDeclaringClass() == DecoratingProxy.class) {
				// There is only getDecoratedClass() declared -> dispatch to proxy config.
				return AopProxyUtils.ultimateTargetClass(this.advised);
			}
			else if (!this.advised.opaque && method.getDeclaringClass().isInterface() &&
					method.getDeclaringClass().isAssignableFrom(Advised.class)) {
				// Service invocations on ProxyConfig with the proxy config...
				return AopUtils.invokeJoinpointUsingReflection(this.advised, method, args);
			}
 
			Object retVal;
 
			if (this.advised.exposeProxy) {
				// Make invocation available if necessary.
				oldProxy = AopContext.setCurrentProxy(proxy);
				setProxyContext = true;
			}
 
			// Get as late as possible to minimize the time we "own" the target,
			// in case it comes from a pool.
			target = targetSource.getTarget();
			Class<?> targetClass = (target != null ? target.getClass() : null);
 
			// Get the interception chain for this method.
			List<Object> chain = this.advised.getInterceptorsAndDynamicInterceptionAdvice(method, targetClass);
 
			// Check whether we have any advice. If we don't, we can fallback on direct
			// reflective invocation of the target, and avoid creating a MethodInvocation.
			if (chain.isEmpty()) {
				// We can skip creating a MethodInvocation: just invoke the target directly
				// Note that the final invoker must be an InvokerInterceptor so we know it does
				// nothing but a reflective operation on the target, and no hot swapping or fancy proxying.
				Object[] argsToUse = AopProxyUtils.adaptArgumentsIfNecessary(method, args);
				retVal = AopUtils.invokeJoinpointUsingReflection(target, method, argsToUse);
			}
			else {
				// We need to create a method invocation...
				invocation = new ReflectiveMethodInvocation(proxy, target, method, args, targetClass, chain);
				// Proceed to the joinpoint through the interceptor chain.
				retVal = invocation.proceed();
			}
 
			// Massage return value if necessary.
			Class<?> returnType = method.getReturnType();
			if (retVal != null && retVal == target &&
					returnType != Object.class && returnType.isInstance(proxy) &&
					!RawTargetAccess.class.isAssignableFrom(method.getDeclaringClass())) {
				// Special case: it returned "this" and the return type of the method
				// is type-compatible. Note that we can't help if the target sets
				// a reference to itself in another returned object.
				retVal = proxy;
			}
			else if (retVal == null && returnType != Void.TYPE && returnType.isPrimitive()) {
				throw new AopInvocationException(
						"Null return value from advice does not match primitive return type for: " + method);
			}
			return retVal;
		}
		finally {
			if (target != null && !targetSource.isStatic()) {
				// Must have come from TargetSource.
				targetSource.releaseTarget(target);
			}
			if (setProxyContext) {
				// Restore old proxy.
				AopContext.setCurrentProxy(oldProxy);
			}
		}
	}
 
 
	/**
	 * Equality means interfaces, advisors and TargetSource are equal.
	 * <p>The compared object may be a JdkDynamicAopProxy instance itself
	 * or a dynamic proxy wrapping a JdkDynamicAopProxy instance.
	 */
	@Override
	public boolean equals(@Nullable Object other) {
		if (other == this) {
			return true;
		}
		if (other == null) {
			return false;
		}
 
		JdkDynamicAopProxy otherProxy;
		if (other instanceof JdkDynamicAopProxy) {
			otherProxy = (JdkDynamicAopProxy) other;
		}
		else if (Proxy.isProxyClass(other.getClass())) {
			InvocationHandler ih = Proxy.getInvocationHandler(other);
			if (!(ih instanceof JdkDynamicAopProxy)) {
				return false;
			}
			otherProxy = (JdkDynamicAopProxy) ih;
		}
		else {
			// Not a valid comparison...
			return false;
		}
 
		// If we get here, otherProxy is the other AopProxy.
		return AopProxyUtils.equalsInProxy(this.advised, otherProxy.advised);
	}
 
	/**
	 * Proxy uses the hash code of the TargetSource.
	 */
	@Override
	public int hashCode() {
		return JdkDynamicAopProxy.class.hashCode() * 13 + this.advised.getTargetSource().hashCode();
	}
 
}

先看获取代理的方法

@Override
	public Object getProxy() {
		return getProxy(ClassUtils.getDefaultClassLoader());
	}
 
	@Override
	public Object getProxy(@Nullable ClassLoader classLoader) {
		if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
			logger.trace("Creating JDK dynamic proxy: " + this.advised.getTargetSource());
		}
		Class<?>[] proxiedInterfaces = AopProxyUtils.completeProxiedInterfaces(this.advised, true);
		findDefinedEqualsAndHashCodeMethods(proxiedInterfaces);
		return Proxy.newProxyInstance(classLoader, proxiedInterfaces, this);
	}

最终调用了 jdk 生成代理的方法,并且该类实现类 InvocationHandler 接口,那么继续看 invoke 方法

/**
	 * Implementation of {@code InvocationHandler.invoke}.
	 * <p>Callers will see exactly the exception thrown by the target,
	 * unless a hook method throws an exception.
	 */
	@Override
	@Nullable
	public Object invoke(Object proxy, Method method, Object[] args) throws Throwable {
		MethodInvocation invocation;
		Object oldProxy = null;
		boolean setProxyContext = false;
 
		TargetSource targetSource = this.advised.targetSource;
		Object target = null;
 
		try {
			if (!this.equalsDefined && AopUtils.isEqualsMethod(method)) {
				// The target does not implement the equals(Object) method itself.
				return equals(args[0]);
			}
			else if (!this.hashCodeDefined && AopUtils.isHashCodeMethod(method)) {
				// The target does not implement the hashCode() method itself.
				return hashCode();
			}
			else if (method.getDeclaringClass() == DecoratingProxy.class) {
				// There is only getDecoratedClass() declared -> dispatch to proxy config.
				return AopProxyUtils.ultimateTargetClass(this.advised);
			}
			else if (!this.advised.opaque && method.getDeclaringClass().isInterface() &&
					method.getDeclaringClass().isAssignableFrom(Advised.class)) {
				// Service invocations on ProxyConfig with the proxy config...
				return AopUtils.invokeJoinpointUsingReflection(this.advised, method, args);
			}
 
			Object retVal;
 
			if (this.advised.exposeProxy) {
				// Make invocation available if necessary.
				oldProxy = AopContext.setCurrentProxy(proxy);
				setProxyContext = true;
			}
 
			// Get as late as possible to minimize the time we "own" the target,
			// in case it comes from a pool.
			target = targetSource.getTarget();
			Class<?> targetClass = (target != null ? target.getClass() : null);
 
			// Get the interception chain for this method.
			List<Object> chain = this.advised.getInterceptorsAndDynamicInterceptionAdvice(method, targetClass);
 
			// Check whether we have any advice. If we don't, we can fallback on direct
			// reflective invocation of the target, and avoid creating a MethodInvocation.
			if (chain.isEmpty()) {
				// We can skip creating a MethodInvocation: just invoke the target directly
				// Note that the final invoker must be an InvokerInterceptor so we know it does
				// nothing but a reflective operation on the target, and no hot swapping or fancy proxying.
				Object[] argsToUse = AopProxyUtils.adaptArgumentsIfNecessary(method, args);
				retVal = AopUtils.invokeJoinpointUsingReflection(target, method, argsToUse);
			}
			else {
				// We need to create a method invocation...
				invocation = new ReflectiveMethodInvocation(proxy, target, method, args, targetClass, chain);
				// Proceed to the joinpoint through the interceptor chain.
				retVal = invocation.proceed();
			}
 
			// Massage return value if necessary.
			Class<?> returnType = method.getReturnType();
			if (retVal != null && retVal == target &&
					returnType != Object.class && returnType.isInstance(proxy) &&
					!RawTargetAccess.class.isAssignableFrom(method.getDeclaringClass())) {
				// Special case: it returned "this" and the return type of the method
				// is type-compatible. Note that we can't help if the target sets
				// a reference to itself in another returned object.
				retVal = proxy;
			}
			else if (retVal == null && returnType != Void.TYPE && returnType.isPrimitive()) {
				throw new AopInvocationException(
						"Null return value from advice does not match primitive return type for: " + method);
			}
			return retVal;
		}
		finally {
			if (target != null && !targetSource.isStatic()) {
				// Must have come from TargetSource.
				targetSource.releaseTarget(target);
			}
			if (setProxyContext) {
				// Restore old proxy.
				AopContext.setCurrentProxy(oldProxy);
			}
		}
	}

忽略了几种特殊情况,然后判断是否报漏代理,即业务代码能不能通过

AopContext.currentProxy()
方法获得,之后真正的进行多个切面的执行

1.先获取拦截器链 2.遍历该拦截器链 3.通过 ReflectiveMethodInvocation 方法的 proceed()方法执行

获取拦截器链,应该是加载的时候每个方法对应的一个缓存

/**
	 * Determine a list of {@link org.aopalliance.intercept.MethodInterceptor} objects
	 * for the given method, based on this configuration.
	 * @param method the proxied method
	 * @param targetClass the target class
	 * @return a List of MethodInterceptors (may also include InterceptorAndDynamicMethodMatchers)
	 */
	public List<Object> getInterceptorsAndDynamicInterceptionAdvice(Method method, @Nullable Class<?> targetClass) {
		MethodCacheKey cacheKey = new MethodCacheKey(method);
		List<Object> cached = this.methodCache.get(cacheKey);
		if (cached == null) {
			cached = this.advisorChainFactory.getInterceptorsAndDynamicInterceptionAdvice(
					this, method, targetClass);
			this.methodCache.put(cacheKey, cached);
		}
		return cached;
	}

ReflectiveMethodInvocation 的 procceed()执行逻辑

@Override
	@Nullable
	public Object proceed() throws Throwable {
		//	We start with an index of -1 and increment early.
		if (this.currentInterceptorIndex == this.interceptorsAndDynamicMethodMatchers.size() - 1) {
			return invokeJoinpoint();
		}
 
		Object interceptorOrInterceptionAdvice =
				this.interceptorsAndDynamicMethodMatchers.get(++this.currentInterceptorIndex);
		if (interceptorOrInterceptionAdvice instanceof InterceptorAndDynamicMethodMatcher) {
			// Evaluate dynamic method matcher here: static part will already have
			// been evaluated and found to match.
			InterceptorAndDynamicMethodMatcher dm =
					(InterceptorAndDynamicMethodMatcher) interceptorOrInterceptionAdvice;
			Class<?> targetClass = (this.targetClass != null ? this.targetClass : this.method.getDeclaringClass());
			if (dm.methodMatcher.matches(this.method, targetClass, this.arguments)) {
				return dm.interceptor.invoke(this);
			}
			else {
				// Dynamic matching failed.
				// Skip this interceptor and invoke the next in the chain.
				return proceed();
			}
		}
		else {
			// It's an interceptor, so we just invoke it: The pointcut will have
			// been evaluated statically before this object was constructed.
			return ((MethodInterceptor) interceptorOrInterceptionAdvice).invoke(this);
		}
	}

可以看出该方法是一个递归,默认 currentInterceptorIndex 为 0,如果不是链最后一个则执行,之后通过递归实现链中下一个拦截器执行,如果是最后一个则执行实际被代理的方法,这样递归实现,能有效的解决环绕通知中前后的执行顺序的正确性

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,遵循 CC 4.0 BY-SA 版权协议,转载请附上原文出处链接和本声明。

本文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_32224047/article/details/107146328

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